Betla National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Chota Nagpur Plateau of the Latehar District of the state of Jharkhand. ‘Betla’ is an acronym of the following words- Bison, Elephant, Tiger, Leopard, and Axis-axis.
The area in Palamu District in Jharkhand was set aside as a protected area in 1947 under the Indian Forests Act. In the year of 1973, it was declared a wildlife sanctuary. The area was set up as the Palamau Tiger Reserve in the year of 1974. Total area of the reserve is about 1014 Km2.
It was declared as a National Park in the year of 1986. Total area of the park is about 226.33 Km2. Betla National Park is considered among the best national parks in India, and became one of the earliest 9 tiger reserves in India under ‘Project Tiger’ in 1974.
Palamau has the distinction of being the forest where the world’s first tiger census was enumerated in 1932.
This area was set aside as a protected area in 1947 under the Indian Forests Act. In the year of 1973, it was declared a wildlife sanctuary.
The area was set up as the Palamau Tiger Reserve in the year of 1974. Total area of the reserve is about 1014 Km2. Before the Palamau was declared a Tiger Reserve, poaching and overgrazing was common.
The present area of the reserve got duly constituted either as Protected Forest or Reserved Forest under the Indian Forest Act, 1927 way back in 1947. Betla was one of the first national parks in India to become a tiger reserve under Project Tiger. The park is under administration of the forest departments.
It was declared as a National Park in the year of 1986. Total area of the park is about 226.33 Km2.
Betla national park is well connected to its nearest city Daltonganj which situated just 24 km away from the park. Other major cities adjoining to the park are Latehar (64 km) and and Ranchi (168 km). You can reach to this park from any points of India via Daltonganj, Latehar or Barwadih. There have regular bus services are between Barwadih and Daltonganj to Betla National Park.
Barwadih Railway Station is nearest to Betla national park. It is located about 16 km away from the park. Daltonganj is the nearest big city to Betla, from here you can rental a car to reach here. Other important stations close to the park are Latehar, Ranchi and Sasaram.
Brisa Munda Airport of Ranchi is closer to Betla National Park. It is well connected to other major cities of India like Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Culcutta, etc with regular flights. You can also arrive at Patna airport which is about 252 km away from Betla.
The park is open throughout the year, but the best time of the year to visit the Betla National Park is between the months of October to April.
Accommodation facilities have been made available at Betla. The best accommodation is Tourist Lodge, just inside the entrance gate. Accommodation also available in the complex include a three star hotel, tourist lodges with canteen, log huts and tree houses inside the forest with fully furnished suites.